As the name suggests, a table saw is a circular saw mounted beneath a table, so that the cutting edge protrudes through a slot in the tabletop. Most common table saws have a blade 8 to12 inches in diameter, driven by a 1 to 3 horsepower electric motor, and capable of being adjusted to change cutting angle and depth.
The invention of the table saw is disputed, but it has been in existence for centuries and, today, it is an indispensable piece of equipment in many woodworking workshops. In an amateur workshop, a table saw may need to perform various tasks, such as cutting wood parallel to the grain, known as “ripping”, or across the grain, known as “cross cutting”. In this case, a general purpose table saw, fitted with a so-called “combination blade”, is appropriate. In a trade workshop, on the other hand, a table saw may need to cut heavy building timber. In this case, the part of the saw that aligns timber parallel to the blade needs to be solid and a more powerful motor, say, between 3 and 5 horsepower, may be required.
Well established and highly reputable names in the woodworking machinery business include Charnwood, SIP & Fox. all have offices in the UK.
Scheppach, a German manufacturer, and Sedgwick, the highest volume manufacturer of classical woodworking machinery made in the United Kingdom.